Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms       A Back to top absorption Percentage amount of moisture absorbed by weight. acid wash A treatment applied to the face of a stone to achieve a texture or finish that is distressed. Chemical processes have been replaced by mechanical methods for the texturing of the stone face. adhered Secured and supported by adhesion of an approved bonding material over an approved backing. alkaline Pertains to a highly basic, as opposed to acidic, substance; for example, hydrogen or carbonate of sodium or potassium. anchor A metal fastener used for securing dimension stone to a structure. anchorage The means by which slabs are attached to a self-supporting structure. antique finish A finish that replicates rusticated or distressed textures. Produced through mechanical or chemical means to simulate the naturally occurring effects of the aging process. apron A trim piece under a projecting stone top, stool, etc. arris An edge or angle where two surfaces meet; for example, moldings and raised edges. B Back to top back-buttering The process of slathering the back of a stone tile with thinset in order to ensure proper mortar coverage. This prevents hollow areas and subsequent future cracking of tiles. Also helpful to ensure a level installation. backsplash The area located between the countertop and upper cabinets. basalt A dark-colored, igneous rock commercially known as granite when fabricated as dimension stone. base The bottom course of a wall, or the vertical first member above grade of a finished floor. bed 1. The top or bottom of a joint, natural bed; surface of stone parallel to its stratification. 2. In granites and marbles, a layer or sheet of the rock mass that is horizontal. Sometimes also applied to the surface of parting between rock sheets. 3. In stratified rocks, the unit layer formed by sedimentation; of variable thickness, and commonly tilted or distorted by subsequent deformation. It generally develops a rock cleavage, parting, or jointing along the planes of stratification. bed joint A horizontal joint between stones, usually filled with mortar, lead, or sealant. belt course A continuous horizontal course, marking a division in the wall plane. bevel A sloped surface contiguous with a vertical or horizontal surface. biocuttura tile Ceramic tiles are fired in a kiln at temperatures around 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. Biocuttura Tiles are first fired after the green tile is dried and then fired again after the glaze is applied. Also called Double Fired. bisque When you look at a glazed tile from the side you can see 2 layers. The body of the tile, or largest layer, is called the bisque. The top layer is called the glaze. bleed Staining caused by corrosive metals, oil-based putties, mastics, caulking, or sealing compounds. blending The proper positioning of adjacent floor slabs, or tiles, by their predominant color. block cutter A machine used in the quarrying process for in-line drilling of small diameter holes. bond 1. Overlapping of joints in successive courses. 2. To stick or adhere. book match pattern A layout in pairs of all stone elements to confirm that the design matches. bowing A warping or curving of the wall cladding. brecciated marble Any marble composed of angular fragments. brushed finish Obtained by brushing a stone with a coarse rotary-type wire brush. bullnose Convex rounding of a material, to be used in various applications, such as stair tread. bush hammering A mechanical process which produces textured surfaces that vary from subtle to rough. buttering Placing mortar on stone units with a trowel before setting them into position. butt joint An external corner formed by two stone panels with one...

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